Ayurveda is a medical field in world of science which mainly emphasises on preventive medicine than curative. Utmost importance is given to Dinacharya and Ritucharya (daily and seasonal regimen) which describes the routine to be followed by a healthy individual for maintaining the health. Dantadhavana is one such routine practice which has to be practiced in order to maintain the oral hygiene.
Dentistry in Ayurveda is not a separate branch but it is very well elaborated and explained under the branch of Shalakyatantra. Danta Dhavan is one of the most important procedures in Dinacharya. According to Charak Samhita various benefits are also there as Danta-Dhavan keeps clean the mouth, destroy bad breath, keeps normalcy of Gums and teeth, increases taste sensation. In ancient Granthas all Acharyas explain actions of various Dravyas on various Sharira Dhatus and Malas.
Oral hygiene is very important for the maintenance of health and prevention of disease as it is one of the openings in the body which communicate with the external environment. If the oral hygiene is optimum, this in itself prevents many diseases and thereby keeps the person healthy. There is a close relation between oral hygiene and overall health of an individual which is achieved through antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiulcer and wound healing properties of the drugs used for Dantadhawana.
How Do We Care For Our Teeth?
- Brushing and flossing our teeth regularly.This is achieved by brushing twice a day i.e. in the morning and before bed. And floss once a day. This removes the plaque.
- Visiting our dentist/dental hygienist for regular check ups and cleanings.
- Eating a mouth healthy diet i.e. food high in whole grains, vegetables and fruits and dairy products.
- Avoid food that contains a lot of sugar.Sugar helps plaque grow.
- Use of toothpaste that contains fluoride, which helps prevent tooth decay and cavities. Sometimes, a mouthwash which contains fluoride might be recommended by your dentist. A toothpaste endorsed by NDA.
- Avoid chewing tobacco and drinking excessive tea as it can cause discoloration of the teeth.
- Avoid using tobacco products, which can cause gum disease and oral cancer. Exposure to tobacco smoke also may cause gum disease as well as other health problems.
- Practice tongue cleaning: you can use tongue cleaner or a soft bristle toothbrush, slowly in a back to front direction.
- Avoid touching the mouth after touching other materials such as keyboards, tops of shelves, shoes and clothes.
- You should use a soft ended toothpick to remove the debris and food particles that might be stuck between the teeth. Never use a pin that can pierce the gum which can cause bleeding or inflammation.
When to brush teeth?
Ayurveda mentions that teeth must be brushed
- In the morning
- And also after eating food.
- (Brushing teeth & Scraping tongue)
- Twice daily:: Morning & before going to bed (must)
- Toothbrush – 12 Angulas, Tongue cleaner- 10 Angulas ▸ Astringent (kashaya), pungent (katu), bitter (tikta), Sweet (madhura)
- Karanja, karavira, ark, malati, kukubha, asana, neem, apamarga, irimeda, vata, etc.
- “Nimbascha tiktake sresthah
- Madhuka madhure sresthah
- kashaye Khadira tatha,
- karanja katuke tatha.”
- Apply trivargak (triphala+trikatu+trijata) with honey
- Tongue cleaner should be made up of gold, silver, copper, brass, zinc, tin, or tree branches.
Benefits of Brushing teeth
- Freshens up the mouth
- Removes bad odour from the mouth
- Removes coating on teeth
- Alleviates ‘Kapha’
- Increases desire for food
- Cure of tongue, throat & teeth related diseases
- Appetite increase
- Cheerfulness of mind
Indigestion, vomiting, dyspnoea, cough, fever, thirst, oral ulcers, cardiac diseases, opthalmic diseases, headache, hiccough, facial paralysis, unconscious person, intoxicated person etc
Homemade Ayurvedic Toothpaste + Ayurvedic Tooth Powder
- 1 tbsp of equal parts neem leaf powder and holy basil powder.
- 1 tbsp mixture of the powdered herbs of sage, peppermint, clove, and cinnamon.
- 1 tbsp spirulina
- pinch of rock salt or sea salt
- Take 1 tbsp of neem leaf powder and holy basil (tulsi) leaf powder in a mixing bowl.
- Make 1 tbsp of a fine mixture of these herbal powders: sage, peppermint, clove, and cinnamon.
- Add the above-prepared powder to the mixing bowl along with tulsi and neem powder.
- Now add about a 1 tbsp of spirulina and finely ground sea salt or rock salt into this mixture.
- Mix all the powders thoroughly and voila! Your Ayurvedic tooth powder is ready.
- Store this mixture in a clean airtight container.
Directions For Use
By taking only little amount of this tooth powder into your hand. After that dip the toothbrush into water and then, and by touching powder to the bristles of toothbrush then start massaging your teeth in the usual way, by brushing gently.
If you want to change the quantity of herbal composition according to your taste then off course you can do it. For making Ayurvedic toothpaste with this tooth powder, firstly add coconut oil to that composition. Remember one thing that there will be no froth while you are brushing.
Benefits Of Ayurvedic Toothpaste + Ayurvedic Tooth Powder
Neem: It reduces the deposition of plaque, prevents dental caries and enhances your immune response for overall oral health.
Holy Basil (tulsi): It helps in treating the bad breath, gum disease, and mouth ulcers.
Sage: Antibacterial, anti-fungal, and antiviral properties. It is recommended in condition of sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and gingivitis.
Peppermint: Gives relief from toothache and gum inflammation.
Clove: Antimicrobial, useful in odontalgia dental caries and toothache.
Cinnamon: Astringent, styptic, deodorant, useful in toothache, effective in controlling dental disease. Has a broad range of antimicrobial activity against the microbes causing dental caries.
Spirulina: Has strong anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects.
Rock Salt: Used as a teeth whitener or mouth freshener.
Sea Salt: Has antibacterial protection for the tooth enamel, astringent taste, and speeds wound healing through reducing inflammation and contracting the tissues.
Oil pulling, also known as “kavala” or “gundusha,” is an ancient Ayurvedic dental technique that involves swishing a tablespoon of oil in your mouth on an empty stomach for around 20 minutes. This action supposedly draws out toxins in your body, primarily to improve oral health but also to improve your overall health.
Sesame oil is best for oil pulling
After keen observation it can be seen that all the probable pharmacological actions which are expected today’s oral hygiene drugs or drugs used for oral care can be seen in Danta dhavan dravyas which are explained in Brihat trayee. The modern actions like anti inflammatory, analgesic or anti-microbial are clearly found in these dravyas which will help in maintaining oral hygiene and health.