Ayurveda is an ancient science that guides in maintaining a healthy mind and body. There are many secrets in Ayurveda knowledge for a happy living. There is a separate chapter called Na-vegadharniya in charaka samhitha, which gives keys to a happy life like the impulses to be avoided and not to avoid. The word Vega means natural urge and Dharan refers to Suppression of natural urge. There are two types of natural urges Dharniya, are those which are to be avoided or suppressible urges. The root cause of many diseases lies in the excess of dharaniya vegas, such as Manasika Vega, Kayik Vega, Vachaik Vega etc.
It has been commonly experienced that to avoid eating when hungry leads to a sudden drop in energy level. Similarly, the body feels tired and lifeless if thirst is not quenched. Thirst might cause dizziness and syncope. To avoid urination or fecal elimination on experiencing an urge to do so, leads to pain in the bladder and one may develop flatus and other symptoms, respectively. Hunger and thirst, the urge to discharge body wastes and other such urges develop naturally in the body. These are the natural urges of the body. These urges are felt by all conscious people. Timely satisfaction of these urges are paramount to good health. Interfering with the natural action of the urges provokes Vata,and thereby postponing or ignoring them can lead to various kinds of ailments.
What are the natural urges that should not be suppressed?
According to Ayurveda, there are thirteen types of natural urges in the body which should not be suppressed. These are the natural calls from body which a person must attend to, as and when they appear in order to maintain the balance in the body, and to eliminate an element that might cause imbalance. The thirteen non-suppressible natural urges are:
- Urge to pass urine
- Urge to eliminate feces
- Urge to eliminate semen
- Urge to pass out flatus
- Urge to vomit
- Urge to sneeze
- Urge for erection
- Urge to yawn
- Urge to eat (hunger)
- Urge to drink water (thirst)
- Urge to shed tears or cry
- Urge to sleep and
- Urge for heavy or fast breathing caused by over exertion
What happens if you suppress Thrist and Hunger?
Urge for hunger (Kshudha vega)
Symptoms: Suppressing hunger can lead to body aches aversion towards food
pain in abdomen dizziness weakness discolorations vertigo
Treatment: The symptoms of Kshudha vega can be treated with an intake of hot and light, digestive foods.
Urge of thirst (Trisnha vega)
Symptoms: Some of the symptoms of suppressing thirst of water include dryness of the throat and mouth
general physical weakness exhaustion
deafening delusions dizziness
even uneasiness in the chest
Treatment: The symptoms of Trisnha vega can be treated with cold comforts, such as staying in a cold room, taking a cold shower, and eating cooling foods.
Though one should not suppress natural urges, one should not forcibly initiate urges, because both trends can cause vata disorders. The practice of natural urges explained here allow the nervous system to perform functions in a timely manner and initiate the body’s vega to carry out normal bodily activities that excrete toxins. Suppression stops the elimination of waste products and creates nervous system disorders, leading to illnesses. In modern world, expressing these adharniya vegas in public is often considered rude. However, it is crucial to respond to these urges in a timely manner. If suppressing natural urges becomes a habit, it can be problematic for health in the long run. Let’s next look at a scientific, published research paper on suppression of natural urges.